tomtec77 practical-python-opencv: Examples and exercises from the Practical Python and OpenCV book


This has value as an introduction to computer vision. I’ve heard that OpenCV is a real pain to install… Well, hate is a strong word…but if you honestly hate this book and feel like you haven’t learned the basics of computer vision, then I don’t want your money.

However these things don’t affect the quality of the code examples themselves. You also get a Case Studies PDF that has more information. Alberto Fernández Villánis a software engineer with more than 12 years of experience in developing innovative solutions. In the last couple of years, he has been working in various projects related to monitoring systems for industrial plants, applying both Internet of Things and big data technologies. As of 2013, he is a registered and active user on the Q&A OpenCV forum.


OpenCV for Python enables you to run computer vision algorithms smoothly in real time, combining the best of the OpenCV C++ API and the Python language. To make it as easy as possible for you to learn the basics of computer vision and image processing I have released my own personal Raspbian .img file with OpenCV pre-installed. This is the exact Raspbian image I use for my own projects and is compatible with the Raspberry Pi 2, Raspberry Pi 3, and Raspberry Pi Zero W. Are you interested in computer vision and image processing, but don’t know where to start? My new book is your guaranteed quick start guide to learning the fundamentals of computer vision and image processing using Python and OpenCV.

minute video chat

I’m here to distill all my years of experience into bite size, easy to understand chunks, while sharing the tips, tricks, and hacks I’ve learned along the way. You’ve gone through the books, but still have a few followup questions? Select this option and I’ll hop on a 1-on-1 call with you and your team.

Early detection of visual impairment in young children using a … –

Early detection of visual impairment in young children using a ….

Posted: Thu, 26 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

The third argument is the ellipse rotation angle in degrees. The last two arguments are the color and thickness of the circle. The fourth argument is the color of the line, which, in this case, is red. All problems are covered in detail, with lots of visual examples and code. After readingCase Studies, you’ll be able to apply these techniques to solve computer vision problems of your own.

Chapter three is where you will finally get into some code. Here you learn how to load images into OpenCV and display them to the user. This is useful for converting between different image formats, but more importantly it is helpful for saving off your data when you need to.

Hardcopy editions.

Hot off the press, this hardcopy book is 275 pages of the most comprehensive guide to learning computer vision and OpenCV that you can get. It’s yours, shipped anywhere in the world for free. Reading tutorials from a book isn’t always the best way to learn a new programming language or library.

One of Charles’ jobs is to classify the species of flowers in photographs. It’s extremely time consuming and tedious, but the museum pays handsomely for it. We’ll start Case Studies by talking to my old dorm buddy, Jeremy, a college student interested in computer vision. Instead of spending his time studying for his Algorithms final exam, he instead becomes entranced by computer vision.

  • Jeremy applies face detection to both pictures and videos, and while his final grade in Algorithms is in jeopardy, at least he learns a lot about computer vision.
  • Personally I think these two chapters could have been combined or the installation chapter could have been an appendix.
  • If you’re serious about learning computer vision and OpenCV, there is no doubt in my mind that this is the best bundle for you.
  • There are also a couple of occasions where he is explaining some code that is not on the page.
  • I recognize the fact that setting up your development environment isn’t the most fun thing in the world — not to mention that it’s also quite time consuming!

With the following software and hardware list you can run all code files present in the book (Chapter 1-13). It should show you the results of the code it shows you theory or more code and when it needs theory it has those results which made it full of scrolling back and forth to read this book. The language is lucid but some explanation of image terms is needed like gradient. In the beginning it seems more like a EXAMPLES OF OPENCV IN PYTHON rather than a Practical guide. But towards the end it worked well in that area. Overall it’s a good read for beginners like me.

OpenCV deep learning applications and performance optimization practices

Stay ahead of the curve and future-proof your skills with our comprehensive library of computer vision resources. Hank and his team of programmers are consulting with the Louisiana post office, where they are tasked with building a system to accurately classify the zip codes on envelopes. The last two arguments are the color and the thickness of the text. The third argument is a tuple to specify the axis lengths of the ellipse. If we choose the same value for the two elements in the tuple, the ellipse will be simply a circle.

For example, be sure to keep your devices updated. Raspbian + OpenCV pre-configured and pre-installed. This error will occur even if you already have both libgtk2.0-dev andpkg-config installed. Installing OpenCV 3 from Anaconda Cloud solved the problem. The examples are fun and fast paced and seeing dinosaurs in a Python book is always fun. Chapter eight explains the different types of blurring and smoothing that OpenCV can do.

adrian rosebrock

I created this website to show you what I believe is the best possible way to get your start. For chapter seven, you will learn how to use histograms effectively in OpenCV. The histogram will help you determine the contrast, brightness and intensity distributions of the images that you are working with. OpenCV supports working with grayscale and color histograms.

This companion website is the ultimate guide to making the most out of the material in my book and the PyImageSearch blog. For example, we can use the cv2.rectangleto draw the bounding boxes around objects detected by a convolutional neural network. The second argument is the text string we want to draw on the image.

Open Source Computer Vision for Beginners

Practical Python and OpenCV is your best, guaranteed quick-start guide to learning the basics of computer vision and image processing. Whether you’re new to the world of computer vision or already know a thing or two, this book can teach you the basics in a single weekend. Practical Python and OpenCV + Case Studies are great to get your entire development or research team up to speed with Python and OpenCV. Since you care as much about copyright as I do, I have a team license that allows you to share the books + virtual machine with up to 10 members of your team. You’ll also receive 5 hardcopy editions that you can distribute to members of your team. Are you interested in computer vision and image processing, but don’t know where to start?

Making Intelligent Document Processing Smarter: Part 1 – KDnuggets

Making Intelligent Document Processing Smarter: Part 1.

Posted: Fri, 10 Feb 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

The first two arguments to the cv2.ellipse function are the image we want to draw on and the center of the ellipse respectively. I bought Practical Python and OpenCV a couple of years ago during one of its authors Kickstarters. I started reading it and then got busy with other things. The past couple of weeks, I decided to give the book another go and was able to finish it. Note that I started reading the 3rd edition of the book without realizing there was a 4th edition. After finished the 3rd edition, I compared it to the 4th side by side and it looks like they are nearly identical, so I don’t think it matters all that much.

Latest commit

If you are starting with openCV its a no brainer. The only regrettable thing is that there is no math involved and that algorithms used are described maybe too briefly. Which on the other hand allows you to go through the book really fast. It’s safe to say that I have a ton of experience in the computer vision world and know my way around a Python shell and image processing libraries.


Practical OpenCV is a hands-on project book that shows you how to get the best results from OpenCV, the open-source computer vision library. All source code listings will run out of the box with OpenCV 3 and OpenCV 4. Backwards compatability with OpenCV 2.4 is also included. Secondly, Python is the best way to learn the basics of computer vision. The simple, intuitive syntax allows you to focus on learning the basics of computer vision, rather than spending hours fixing crazy compiler errors in C/C++. Luckily, Hank remembers back to a machine learning course he took during his masters program.


You will also learn about histogram equalization and masks. I like Adrian’s work and pyimage search is awesome. But this books seems like a compilation of blog posts. If you have spent sometime with opencv like I did. I have written a ton of blog posts about computer vision and image processing over at PyImageSearch. Definitely check out the posts to get a good feel for my teaching and writing style.

  • In the beginning it seems more like a EXAMPLES OF OPENCV IN PYTHON rather than a Practical guide.
  • An introductory computer vision book that takes an example driven, hands on approach.
  • To write texts on an image, we make use of the cv2.puText function.
  • With all the copies I’ve sold, I count the number of refunds on one hand.

I also suggest that you grab the sample chapter I am offering using the form above. There is just something about the hardcopy edition of the book that can’t be beat. And not to mention, it looks beautiful on your bookshelf. Get all the quality content you’ll ever need to stay ahead with a Packt subscription – access over 7,500 online books and videos on everything in tech.

Your Coding Journey Starts with Python – Entrepreneur

Your Coding Journey Starts with Python.

Posted: Sat, 09 Apr 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Hi, I’m Yacine Rouizi – a self-taught opencv introductioneloper passionate about machine learning, deep learning, and computer vision. My mission is to make these complex topics accessible to everyone through hands-on tutorials and clear explanations. Interested in computer vision, but don’t know where to start? Practical Python and OpenCVis your quick start guide to learning the basics of computer vision and image processing…in a single weekend. This is a very well written book, but I think it would serve better as an image processing book rather than being a computer vision book.

Then in chapter ten, you learn how to use gradients and edge detection to refine what you learned in chapter nine. This will allow you to find the edges of the coins in the photo. This chapter focuses on using the Laplacian and Sobel methods for gradients. Then you learn about using the Canny Edge detection technique. Then in chapter five, you discover how to draw lines, rectangles and circles. You can change the width, position, and color of each of these shapes.

Moving averages SMA and EMA are used in Forex trading

sell signals
forex moving average

The negative features are ambiguous sma in forex, inability to adjust to changing volatility, problems with selecting the indicator period, and so on. If you get over all those troubles and create a profitable MA trading strategy, you will be able to trade at any time and in any market. Because moving averages are the most commonly used indicator in forex trading it’s quite likely you will use moving averages at some time. But which are the best moving averages to use in forex trading? That depends on whether you have a short-term horizon or a long-term horizon. For short-term trades the 5, 10, and 20 period moving averages are best, while longer-term trading makes best use of the 50, 100, and 200 period moving averages.

A simple moving average is a great way to simplify complex price data by smoothing it out and creating a single line, making it much easier to see an overall trend regarding price movements. A simple moving average reacts quickly to price changes, but there will always be a lag, which can have both advantages and disadvantages. Watch for a period when all of the moving averages converge closely together when the price flattens out into sideways range. Ideally, the various moving averages are so close together that they form almost one thick line, showing very little separation between the individual moving average lines. This moving average trading strategy uses the EMA, because this type of average is designed to respond quickly to price changes. The MACD or “Moving Average Convergence / Divergence” indicator is a momentum oscillator used to trade trends.

When the 5 crosses to the downside over the 10 simple moving average, assume we are in a down trend. You can use this trading strategy in Forex or other markets and as either a day trading approach, swing trading, and even position trading. There are many different strategies within the MACD strategy. There are different ways to use MAs in forex trading, but most commonly these methods focus on trying to find the current or upcoming trends of a forex market. Find out all you need to know about how to trade FX using moving averages, learn more about SMAs vs EMAs, and check out the five most popular MA indicator FX strategies to try. Smoothed MA – More weight is given to the latest data, it takes into account the price values beyond the time period .

sell signal

The first set has EMAs for the prior three, five, eight, 10, 12 and 15 trading days. Daryl Guppy, the Australian trader and inventor of the GMMA, believed that this first set highlights the sentiment and direction of short-term traders. This second set is supposed to show longer-term investor activity. Forex LWMA indicator moving averages applies more weight to the most recent forex price data and the latest data is of more value than earlier forex price data. Linear Weighted forex moving average is calculated by multiplying each of the forex closing prices within the series, by a certain weight coefficient. When you use moving averages, especially together with other trading tools, you are likely to face all the traders’ troubles.

Forex moving averages strategies summed up

For example, for a 5-period MA the weight of the last price value will be 5, the one before that will be 4 and so on until it reaches 1. The only difference is that you will need to choose Linear Weighted as the MA Method in the indicator window. Because of how it’s calculated, the EMA is more sensitive to price spikes in recent periods, but less sensitive to price spikes in periods that are further away. This can be useful information when using moving averages to trade, as we’ll see in the next section. There are hundreds of indicators currently available, with analysts constantly working on new calculations to try and get an edge in the markets. Looking at all these in detail is beyond the scope of this course, but we will take a quick peek at one of the most popular and widely-used indicators out there – the moving average.

There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. FXCM Markets is not required to hold any financial services license or authorization in St Vincent and the Grenadines to offer its products and services. Although similar in objective, trading and investing are unique disciplines. Duration, frequency and mechanics are key differences separating the approaches. Articles published by FXCM Research Team generally have numerous contributors and aim to provide general Educational and Informative content on Market News and Products.

AUD/USD Weekly Forecast: RBA’s Tightening Cycle to End – Forex Crunch

AUD/USD Weekly Forecast: RBA’s Tightening Cycle to End.

Posted: Sat, 25 Mar 2023 17:28:43 GMT [source]

However, as with any technical indicator, there are disadvantages to using a simple moving average. As with many trading tools, the SMA is based on historical data to date. There is nothing predictive in the way calculations are made, so the system is far from infallible as a way of forecasting future price action.

Day Trading Forex with Exponential and Simple Moving Averages

When the candlesticks’ closing prices are below the bottom borders, it is a sell signal. You enter either buy or sell trade after the candlestick, where the two EMAs meet, closes. Any MA trading strategy aims to make the maximum profits from a successful period displayed by the indicator rather than making the ANY period successful. For more information about the FXCM’s internal organizational and administrative arrangements for the prevention of conflicts, please refer to the Firms’ Managing Conflicts Policy.

Instead of just looking at the current price of the market, the moving averages give us a broader view, and we can now gauge the general direction of its future price. The logic behind this strategy is fairly straightforward. We are looking to buy a pullback into a rising trend, when the price action is displaying characteristics of an up trending market. And vice versa we are looking to sell a rally into a declining trend, when the price action is displaying characteristics of a down trending market. So the obvious question becomes which is a better moving average to use for the purposes of trading the markets?

An SMA indicator is most useful when a strong trend is present over a long period. The key points of reference that traders pay attention to are when the SMA crosses over the pricing candlesticks. If prices are going up and a crossover occurs, that is viewed as a buy signal.

  • You should strive to combine MAs with only a few indicators because doing so with many indicators will hamper your decision making.
  • For example, if the most recent three prices are 1, 2, 3, then the average would be the sum of the prices (1+2+3) divided by the number of reporting periods.
  • Moving averages map the average price of an asset in a certain period of time.
  • Moving average strategies are popular with both long-term investors and short-term traders, as they can be easily tailored to any time frame.

Many of the Forex trading strategies that use SMA can employ EMA as well. When refining traditional strategies, professional traders can sometimes change not only the period but also MA type by substituting SMA with EMA. After testing and revising, this modification can prove more profitable and effective than the traditional SMA system. The EMA+ Awesome Oscillator strategy could be a good example. It is a well-known combination of a trend indicator, which determines the trend direction, and the oscillator that helps in choosing the best moment to enter the market. This strategy is suitable for any time frame, but we recommend it for short-term trading with M15-H1 charts.

Trading platforms

The ‘envelope’ strategy seeks to mitigate the risks of this by adding additional bands or ‘filters’ around the MA line. After you’ve opened your position, you can monitor your trade in the ‘open positions’ section of the dealing platform. You can also set price alerts to receive email, SMS or push notifications when a specified buy or sell percentage or point is reached. A stop or stop loss will close your position automatically if the market moves against you by a certain amount.

  • This indicator has been used in every market, giving rise to many variations.
  • The SMA is one specific form of trend indicator, but the concept also forms the basis for other technical indicators such as the moving average convergence divergence .
  • If markets instead seize on BOE hesitance to send UK rates higher at this August policy meeting, then the 1.20 psychologically-important level could beckon once more for GBPUSD.
  • On the contrary, when price is trading below the 50 period simple moving average line, it is considered a bearish trend.

If prices are decreasing and a crossover occurs, that is generally interpreted as a sell signal. A moving average ribbon is a series of moving averages of different lengths plotted on the same chart to show support and resistance levels, as well as trend strength and reversals. Forex traders often use a short-term MA crossover of a long-term MA as the basis for a trading strategy. Play with different MA lengths or time frames to see which works best for you. Plot three exponential moving averages—a five-period EMA, a 20-period EMA, and 50-period EMA—on a 15-minute chart. We can take this information to build an anti-trend, or mean reverting type strategy when we encounter such a situation in the market.

The reason why we chose to review this indicator is because it has come up in recent conversations, and it actually provides good baseline signals. Fibonacci Retracement indicator MA Channels FIBO. Secrets of successful trading with Fibonacci lines. A detailed description of the Fibonacci trading strategy with examples.

Any moving average calculation formula considers past price data not paying attention to the recent price data. The final result will reflect, to one degree or another, the past dynamics. MA is only a tool with a specific purpose, not a magic Forex market prediction indicator. There will be a channel consisting of three exponential moving averages. It shows the area within which the price is “in balance.” When the price goes outside the channel upside or downside, the price momentum may develop into a strong trend. You can use exp moving averages in trading any financial instruments; there are no restrictions.

Traders sometimes use an SMA alongside another SMA for a different period to confirm a change in the price behaviour of a particular asset. Forex traders should test out different percentages, time intervals, andcurrency pairs to understand how they can best employ an envelope strategy. It is most common to see envelopes over 10- to 100-day periods and using “bands” that have a distance from the moving average of between 1-10% for daily charts. Sometimes during range bound market conditions we will see the price action whipsaw above and below the 50 period SMA.

Lightn1ng Mist Buy 1 Set Get 1 Set FREE*

If the fast EMA crosses the slow EMA going up, then this is an indication of a bullish chart. A good strategy is to combine MAs with volume-based indicators, and oscillators. Personally, we suggest to combine MAs with stochastics, Relative strength index , and accumulation/distribution. Hi, could anyone recommend where to find a daily list of SMA crosses – especially 9day/21day crosses.

How to filter off market noise with the Laguerre polynomials. Description of Laguerre RSI parameters and forex trading strategies with Laguerre RSI indicator. Learn everything you wanted to know about the stochastic oscillator and how to use it in trading. Stochastic is a technical indicator of the type of oscillator. It’s popular among beginner traders due to its simplicity. Many professionals favor stochastic oscillators because of their signal accuracy and versatile applications.

short term

It is important to remember that this of technical analysis uses previous price movements to attempt to forecast future price movements. However, past results are no guarantee of future performance. It is advisable to combine technical analysis with fundamental analysis for the best chance of success.

money when trading

Source data may be a periodic open, close, high, low or midpoint. Although many traders view the periodic close as being the most relevant aspect of price action, the trading strategy itself determines which source data is valid. But in our defense, there’s a good reason we bored you with all the math on how to calculate the simple moving average indicator on a trading chart. Understanding how an indicator works means you can adjust, tweak it and eventually create different trading strategies as the foreign exchange market environment changes. Ultimately, using the recent prices with the SMA indicator will help you figure out the overall trend of the market and find entry signals. The Guppy multiple moving average is composed of two separate sets of exponential moving averages .

SponsorsOne changes name, set to effect share consolidation on 30-for-1 basis

share consolidation
share consolidation

However, you should note that consolidated stocks tend to end up with lower liquidity and their share price has a tendency to go down thereafter, if the underlying business isn’t doing well. So, maybe it’s time to re-evaluate if the stock still deserves a spot in your portfolio. Reverse splits may be used by firms aiming to create and float a spinoff, which is an independent company formed by selling or distributing new shares of an existing business or division of a parent corporation.

share consolidation

The New York Stock Exchange will remove a corporation if the average price of its stock in any 30-day period is below a dollar. When a corporation performs a reverse stock split, each of its outstanding shares is reduced to a fraction of a share. Investors may lose money as a consequence of trading price changes caused by reverse stock splits. In a share consolidation, multiple shares of stock are merged into a single share — for example, in a stock-funded buyout or a reverse stock split.

What is a Stock Split?

A stock’s price may have plummeted to new lows, leaving it exposed to increased market pressure and other unfavourable developments, including a failure to meet the exchange’s listing requirements. As I understand it, this process will convert each I hold into , with the actual value being approximately equal. We hope this article has helped to clear up any confusion you may have had around the consolidation of shares.

These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. Combining numerous loans into a single loan decreases the number of payments and interest rates you must deal with. Consolidation can also help you enhance your credit by lowering your risks of skipping a payment or paying late.

It is also common for many small, non-profitable research and development companies around the world to undergo share consolidation simply to maintain their listing on a premier stock exchange. When a firm reduces the number of shares it issues, it is called a share consolidation. As a result, the share price rises accordingly, and the value of each shareholder’s holding remains unaltered in relation to the company’s market capitalization.

  • This means that during this time, you will not be able to convert your GSK ADSs into GSK Shares, surrender your GSK ADSs and receive underlying GSK Shares, or deposit your GSK Shares and receive GSK ADSs.
  • When a firm reduces the number of shares it issues, it is called a share consolidation.
  • Standard breakout trading techniques include buying long and covering short when prices break through the resistance level, or selling short and covering long when prices drop below support.
  • This, quite frequently, attracts new investors to the company and helps resurrect its fortunes.

A reverse split is initiated by a firm’s management, and affects stock trading in the secondary market – on stock exchanges. Shareholders have no ability to refuse a reverse split, except perhaps to vote out current management. Of course, shareholders can sell their stock before the split if they so choose. The factor by which the company’s management decides to go for the reverse stock split becomes the multiple by which the market automatically adjusts the share price. These are usually done in order to continue to meet exchange listing requirements.

Consolidation Strategies

If the chart looks like it has been ‘squeezed’ together, this is likely to be an indication that shares are being consolidated. The chart may also exhibit a low trading volume and will not have any big spikes. However, for smaller investors who are only looking to buy a few shares, the share consolidation should not have too much of an impact. This increase in price can make it tricky for large institutional investors to buy and sell large blocks of shares, as they may not have the necessary capital and may have to sell other investments in order to free up the cash. For example, if a company has to print and send out 100 million share certificates, this is going to cost a lot of money. But if the company consolidates its shares by a factor of two, it will only have to print and send out 50 million share certificates.

share consolidation

Hence, if you are holding 50,000 shares of a company, it will be divided by 10 and your new holding would be 5,000. However, the worth of your investment will remain unchanged although your holding has changed. When a share is consolidated, the price per share will be valued to the number of reverse splits and, in this case, your investment will be multiplied by 10. Therefore, if before consolidation the price per share was RM0.01, it will now be worth RM0.10 per share after consolidation. Although reverse stock splits are frequently the result of a company’s stock losing a lot of value, they have no effect on the company’s worth. In creating the new shares, this diminishes the stock price of the buyer’s shares.

As a shareholder, what are the pros and cons of a Share Consolidation and Return of Capital?

GSK cautions investors that any forward-looking statements or projections made by GSK, including those made in this announcement, are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Such factors include, but are not limited to, those described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for 2021, GSK’s Q1 Results for 2022 and any impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Consolidationis the term for a stock or security that is neither continuing nor reversing a larger price trend. Consolidated stocks typically trade within limited price ranges and offer relatively few trading opportunities until another pattern emerges.Technical analysts and traders regard consolidation periods as indecisive and cautious. To create consolidated financial statements, the assets and liabilities of the subsidiary are adjusted to fair market value, and those values are used in the combined financial statements. If the parent and NCI pay more than the fair market value of the net assets , the excess amount is posted to a goodwill asset account, and goodwill is moved into an expense account over time.

In this article, we will provide a step by step guide of how to buy shares for… Contracts For Difference to short sell a company’s shares once a share consolidation has been announced. Moreover, when the split actually occurs, the share price becomes more affordable to a wider audience – this coupled with an increase in liquidity can also boost demand and price.

share consolidation

Secondary sources include the research of the annual and financial reports of the top companies, public files, new journals, etc. The leading soft drinks company has been paying out dividends for decades, each time at a higher value, in addition to earning impressive returns. The large number of shares was partly the result of capital injected by the Irish government at the time of the 2008 financial crisis when the bank was in trouble. As we have noted, a share consolidation is usually perceived as a sign that a company is in trouble and often results in a continued downward trend. If you held other shares that allowed you to generate a sum closer to the $1,500 you needed, you would probably choose to sell those instead.

Companies that split their shares are, by definition, those with high share prices – those that have seen big rises in the past and whose shares are on a long-term upward trend. Therefore, the total number of voting rights in GSK as at 19 July 2022 is 4,067,352,076. Additionally, the cloud negative interest rates in the u s. 2020 technology company’s board has approved the consolidation of all of its issued and outstanding share capital on a 30-for-1 basis. Assume XYZ Corporation buys 100% of the net assets of ABC Manufacturing for a price of $1 million, and the fair market value of ABC’s net assets is $700,000.

As a journalist, he has extensively covered business and tech news in the U.S. and Asia. He has produced multimedia content that has garnered billions of views worldwide. You paid to buy 100,00 shares and now the company is about to reduce your shareholdings – are they playing a game?

Investors may see the share price nosedive, and the resulting consolidation of shares will then be perceived as a tactic to save a failing company. This can often prompt investors to sell their shares which will eventually lead to another decrease in share price. Sometimes, a company will carry out a consolidation but the shares will not rise in value as much as was hoped. This can be disappointing for shareholders and may lead to them losing faith in the company.

It may surprise you to learn that developing a television show is remarkably similar to creating a new business. Perhaps one of the biggest challenges for directors/ business owners and entrepreneurs face is being aware of both financial and… If you’re a marketer putting together content to create brand awareness, you might think sales enablement content sits outside of…

The share price is currently around 15p and at the end of the month the consolidation will take place. Real-time last sale data for U.S. stock quotes reflect trades reported through Nasdaq only. 360 Research Reports is the credible source for gaining the market reports that will provide you with the lead your business needs. At 360 Research Reports, our objective is providing a platform for many top-notch market research firms worldwide to publish their research reports, as well as helping the decision makers in finding most suitable market research solutions under one roof.

Google Launches New Core Update: What This Means for Businesses

They consolidate the number of outstanding shares in the same proportion for all shareholders. Therefore, a stock split is seen by many as a buying signal and its announcement is often followed by an increase in demand for the company’s shares and consequently the share price being pushed higher. After the purchase, the buyout target merges with the buyer and its shares no longer trade separately on an exchange. All of the shares of the second company are exchanged for shares of the first company when the transaction is complete.

They will be able to help you weigh up the pros and cons and make an informed decision about whether or not share consolidation is right for you. There are several advantages to think about, including the reduction of costs, making the company more attractive to investors, and simplifying the shareholder structure. The price after consolidation is what someone is willing to pay for a share. Also a factor of 50 would mean that if the share is worth 15p now it would be 7.50 after. I have also heard rumours that previous other consolations from other companies have ended in share price drops to start with.

A stock split is when a company increases the number of its outstanding shares of stock to boost the stock’s liquidity. Some exchange-traded products like exchange-traded notes naturally decay in value over time and must undergo reverse splits regularly, but these products are not intended to be held for longer than a few hours or days. This is because ETNs are technically debt instruments that hold derivatives on products like commodities or volatility-linked instruments and not the actual underlying assets. We now know that one of the effect of share consolidation is the increase in share price. In general, share consolidation is perceived negatively, especially by investors. When investors see the stock price plummet, share consolidation will be seen as an accounting tactic to save the image of a company that is not performing well.

Having a higher share price can also attract certain investors who would not consider penny stocks for their portfolios. As this kind of corporate action might affect its image, a company must have a solid reason to go in for share consolidation. When the value of the company’s stock drops to a point near or below the minimum price of shares, the only way to drive it up is by increasing the price per individual share through share consolidation. Increasing the price ensures the survival of the company’s shares in the exchange. A consolidation of shares, also known as a reverse split, refers to the corporate action of a company reducing its number of outstanding shares.

Trendsmacro: TRENDSMACRO Broker Review » Investing in forex

attack surface

If you’re based in the US, you can pay for the Plus subscription, ensuring continued access. Sign in to your Trend Micro Account to access the security features under your license, and to manage your consumer security subscriptions. Sadly, TrendsMacro is yet another scam broker that you will want to avoid. Everything about it is wrong and if you invest your money with them, chances are, you will never see your money again. Furthermore, even if a broker is operating in a market that allows for such high leverage ratios, it is not wise to accept them. While the potential rewards can be massive, the more probably losses can wipe you out.


Aprotic Solvents Market Size, Analysis, Industry Trends, Top … – Digital Journal

Aprotic Solvents Market Size, Analysis, Industry Trends, Top ….

Posted: Fri, 24 Feb 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

Naturally, that means we believe few would leave Trendsmacro with a negative impression. The accounts at Trendsmacro allow it to follow through on its promise of providing every user with the best experience. There’s an option for every type of trader, without the versions being overbearing or forcing you to upgrade. As such, that means there’s a level playing field, and you won’t feel like your budget limits you.

Trendsmacro’s accounts are nothing short of excellent, with options present for any trader. No matter if you’re a budget investor or someone that has millions in their portfolio, there’s something for you. Trendsmacro achieves that with a tiered investment-based account structure that favors users. As the accounts upgrade based on investments, even budget traders can progress over time. However, if you want to get a better service, you can invest more straight away. This is a bit of a nuanced area.

The second is a large amount of user verification, meaning you’ll always be the one in charge of your account. Perfect trading tools and signals. I have no regrets chosing to them. I never had any problem with the services for the past six months. I am getting a really good profit. review: scam or profit?

I get really good trading advice from the brokers. I am profitable on my trades because of them. Great customer service and very professional brokers. This I can say is really one of the best brokers in the forex industry. Smooth deposit and withdrawal process. I did not encounter any issues for the past few months and I am looking forward to seeing consistency on good services.

When it comes to mobile trading, traders can download MT4 mobile apps to facilitate easy, convenient trading from wherever they happen to be. The mobile apps are available to download free from the Apple App Store and Google Play Store and are generally very quick and easy to install. A broker wouldn’t be much if it didn’t provide its users with a competitive trading experience.

I had a very positive trading experience with this broker. I get good trading results all the time. Thumbs up for the services.

And the declining money supply means inflation is on its way down. Regulators shut down an online market for futures contracts related to political outcomes.

Talk to a Trend Micro Support Representative

This makes legal action against them almost impossible. A legitimate company would have publicly available records and the identities of the owner would be a matter of public record. This information being hidden is clearly a way to keep anonymity and protect these scammers from the police. With this broker, all trading and payment options are blocked until your account is verified by TrendsMacro. An unregulated and illegal broker, on the other hand, will have a very skimpy set of terms and conditions – something that will look only cosmetic.


I also became interested in such an investment. I went to the official website of the broker, looked through the information, got acquainted with the documents and offers of the broker and decided on cooperation. I like the broker, I highly appreciate the promptness and commitment. The profit is withdrawn without delay. Getting into trading was really simple for me here.


Please make sure that you fully understand the risks. You should consider whether you can afford to take the risk of losing your money. As already mentioned, you will also be assigned a personal account manager you can contact as needed.

The first clear indication of a scam. TrendsMacro is owned and operated by a company by the name of Ascana Group Ltd, which is located in the Marshall Islands. This makes this broker an offshore entity.

I also checked the reputation of this broker when I first started cooperation with him. Now we have 5 months of effective work for me. I began to think that I could make money for the future. Agree, in the current situation in the world this is a very good state of affairs.


All you need to do is submit proof of identity and proof of residence, and you’re good to go. The former includes passports, id cards, and driver’s licenses, while the latter can be bank statements or utility bills. Send them to the broker’s email, and you’ll get your account approved in no time. Not only are these services available within the MT4 platform as standard, but for more technology-savvy users, there is also the ability to code your own robots. This offers much more depth to the trading experience and allows traders to create the perfect social trading experience for their own needs.


Worth my money and time, they are so dedicated in providing excellent signals. Good services since day 1. They have been very helpful and professional. Withdrawal is always smooth and easy.

The platform available at this broker is MetaTrader 4. MetaTrader 4 comes with a large number of trader-friendly features. These include a choice of several timeframes for user-friendly analysis of value fluctuations, as well as 30 technical indicators. Oftentimes, brokers pay too much attention to the technical parts of their service, and the “human” sides suffer. One of the things that brokers commonly forget is ensuring a quick and frustration-free verification process. If you’re signing up for a broker, you’re likely ready to start trading immediately and don’t want to wait for weeks.

There are few worse feelings in trading than making all the right moves and then getting your money stolen. As such, we require brokers to prove that they can handle outside threats. On top of that, firms need to be able to prove they’re not a threat themselves. At the moment, TRENDSMACRO doesn’t offer an Islamic account. The only accounts that it offers are standard accounts ranging from beginner accounts all the way up to professional accounts. It may offer an Islamic account in the future, but at the moment, this isn’t an option.

With Trendsmacro, achieving profits becomes much simpler than with most competitors. That’s because their trading tools, as well as custom advisors and charts, help you become a more successful trader. Furthermore, it has affordable pricing, meaning most of your money will go into your trading. The account structure we mentioned earlier in our Trendsmacro broker review is also excellent.

  • I am sure that all technical troubles can be solved, but find such stability somewhere else in today’s shaky and nervous market.
  • They have reasonable pricing and good trading outcome.
  • This means that it’s important to check that your country is included in the list of countries when registering for an account.

This link will then ask them to enter information such as their name, last name, email address and more. Sending a letter is also possible – however, depending where you are based, this may not be a time-friendly endeavour. The relevant address here is Trust Company Complex, Ajeltake Road, Ajeltake Island, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands, MH 96960. By far the easiest way for a customer to get an answer to their question, whatever it might be, is to send an email request to There is also a contact form on the broker’s contact page, which may easier for those who do not wish to use email. As explained in the ‘Customer Service’ section earlier in this TRENDSMACRO review, there are several different ways for a customer to get in touch with the broker.

3 great reasons to buy pinterest seems to offer making real money on a Forex, and there’re several options of what trader can get from it. As we mentioned multiple times through our Trendsmacro broker review, it uses MetaTrader4. Experienced traders will undoubtedly already be familiar with the ins and outs of the software, as it’s the most prominent on the market.

Introducing Trend One , unique security outcomes we can provide. Cover different personas, what it means to them. Some users have also found success by using an incognito or private mode on their browser. When requested by software company, Sprinklr, ChatGPT composed a rap dissing Google.

The 21 most popular trading strategies every serious trader should learn to succeed

chart patterns

The performance of a trading strategy is measured based on risk. There are several risk management performance measure strategies like Sharpe Ratio. However, to compare expected return against return volatility you can use Maximum Drawdown. Once you define entry and exit trading rules, you can now limit your risk. Your position trade defines how much money you can put in to take a risk. Subsequently, doubling your position sizes will double your risk.


Conflicts of interest and harmful practices flourish in the shadows — and we’re not just talking about harmful trading practices. Our wish is to be an example that transparency can still be a sound business strategy and hopefully nudge this industry in the right direction, one step at a time. The length of this interval, so as to request a wakeup at the end. Additionally, smaller orders have longer intervals and vice-versa.

The Trading Strategy

Even with the right market context, you need to trigger entry and exit points. Few useful triggers like bars, candlestick patterns, RSI, oscillators, and indicators help to identify entry and exit triggers. Machine learning trading strategies are best applied with the help of popular computer language Python. There is a Python package known as Scikit-learn, which is developed specifically for machine learning and features various classification, regression and clustering algorithms. For instance, in the stock market, random forest is used to identify a stock’s behaviour (taking the past performance of stock in ‘n’ number of years) in terms of expected returns.

Therefore, to put it simply, this spread entails selling a put option and purchasing a put option with a lower strike. Theta decay would benefit you in this situation since the Short-Put Option will start losing value faster than your Long-Put Option position. Option Trading Strategy that falls under the Debt Spreads category. If you’re bullish on a stock or ETF while not wanting to risk buying shares outright, consider purchasing a call option for a lower-risk bullish trade. Here is a list of some of the best Option Trading Strategies one may give a try.

You will be using this to assist you to build the strategy that is custom for you. We are going to have many trading strategy examples that you can use as a template to help build. You’ll complete a basket of useful strategies that you will be able to reference in the future. Here is another strategy called the best Gann Fan Trading Strategy. The biggest advantage that comes from watching the tape is that you can interpret in real-time the flow of buying and selling orders.

Fundamental and technical analysis is involved in a swing trade as the swing traders aim to overcome market volatility. The scalping trading strategy involves making financial gains from small price changes. This method is commonly used by intraday traders when buying and selling commodities. In addition, usually, individuals engaging in high-frequency trading utilize this technique. In addition, usually, individuals engaging in high-frequency trading utilise this technique. When you are getting started, it can be hard to find solid strategies to help you get ahead of the game.

This turns the trading bias to bullish and this creates new interest in long positions. A moving average is one of the most popular technical indicators. In the chart below, we can see how scalpers use Exponential Moving Averages to establish positions.

First, you need to have a thorough coi, san franciscoing of what kind of investor you are. It might seem obvious, but many derail already before they start. Personal finance is about managing your budget and how best to put your money to work to realize your financial independence and goals. It is even more so if it is capital that should have never been risked in the first place. Each of the rules below is important, but when they work together the effects are strong. Keeping them in mind can greatly increase your odds of succeeding in the markets.

# 3 Income Investing

A swing trader aims to grasp the foundation of ongoing trends and score greater profits within short to medium time intervals. The key is to make the most of a swing trading indicator that best suits the market scenario. Thus, intraday traders need to study such news regarding stocks that are on their watchlist and place buying or selling orders accordingly. By receiving a higher option premium on the call sold than the cost of the call purchased, one achieves a net profit. Given they are focused on small profits, scalpers must rely on bigger position sizes. This is the opposite of day trading, as well as swing trading, who usually rely on the average account and position sizes.

Income investing is an act of picking up a good stock by putting together a collection of an asset. For instance, stocks, mutual funds, real estate, and bonds generate the maximum annual income at the lowest risk possible. However, most of the income is paid to investors for everyday use. Growth Investing is a style of investment gaining attention from many investors. Thereby, applied when companies continue to grow their profits.

The Plan of Action for Swing Traders

The ideal is to all trades with a profit, but that is not realistic. Using a protective stop loss helps ensure that losses and risks are limited, and that you have preserved enough capital to trade another day. World politics, news events, economic trends—even the weather—all have an impact on the markets.

swing traders

The number of shares scheduled to trade during the interval — this is one of the two key differences between the two strategies. The VWAP Scheduler uses the dynamic volume prediction model to predict what percentage of the day’s volume will have traded by the end of the current interval. The Impact Minimization Scheduler gets this value by running a dynamic programming cycle of the impact minimization model. The Algo then uses this information to tell the Worker to complete any shares outstanding from the previous interval and start working the new interval quantity. Below you will find the list of the 21 most popular trading strategies you can use to jump-start your ideas again.

Most trading strategies are based on either technicals or fundamentals, using quantifiable information that can be backtested to determine accuracy. The momentum trader holds stocks making strong upward moves, then closes out positions as they run out of steam. A position trader tries to take advantage of major price moves in a stock. When stocks are making huge moves, holding on longer term can potentially be beneficial.


Moving average prices can be found in many trading platforms like Stock Screener. Quality investing is an investment strategy based on clearly defined fundamental criteria that help to determine companies with outstanding quality characteristics. In simple words, it is a quantitative investment approach that focuses on buying a high-quality company. The quality assessment is made with both soft and hard criteria. Thus, a quality investing strategy is the best in the class approach. Stock rotation happens when a trader moves their money from one sector to another, one country to another, or out of the market into cash, bonds, or real estate.

Technology that we take for granted, like a high-speed internet connection, can greatly increase trading performance. A trading plan is a written set of rules that specifies a trader’s entry, exit, and money management criteria for every purchase. A day trader can make use of local and international markets and can open and close many positions within the day, including taking advantage of 24/7forex market hours. Imagine a stock that’s never traded above $100 suddenly rockets up to $101 on heavy volume. Breaking a resistance level can show the market’s behind the stock’s upward trend. Swing trading is generally a little less intense in terms of your time and can mean less screen time.

  • Discover the range of markets and learn how they work – with IG Academy’s online course.
  • One of the key aspects to consider is a time frame for your trading style.
  • Flying Dragon Trend Strategy can be used to indicate the trend on all timeframes by finetuning the input settings.
  • I am continually working on developing new trading strategies and improving my existing strategies.

The order turns into a market order when the specified price point is exchanged, and the next available market price is taken as exchange. The idea behind the hard stop is clearly that the law is stubborn and must be enforced. Traders may use short selling as leverage, and investors or fund managers can use it as a hedge against the downside risk of a long position in the same or similar protection. Relative strength is a calculation of the price trend of a stock or a financial instrument in comparison to another instrument, stock, or industry.

NSE warns investors against ‘Dabba’ trading – Fortune India

NSE warns investors against ‘Dabba’ trading.

Posted: Tue, 11 Apr 2023 05:13:12 GMT [source]

One way to do this is to trade several different time frames. If you start trading and are a beginner, you need to make plans and systems, and you need a trading strategy. This takes time, but hopefully, this is time well spent and at the same time enjoyable. You can make a lot of money in a relatively short period of time, but the fail ratio is much higher compared to buy and hold. Before you start using real cash, make sure that all of the money in that trading account is truly expendable.

To use the Fibonacci retracements, it is essential to identify the 100% move first. After this, the Fibonacci retracement tool must be used to connect the peaks and the troughs. Bollinger Bands can be implemented to the trading of various securities because of their dynamic increase. Volatility is measured employing standard deviation, which can change with an increase or decrease in volatility. The bands increase when there is a price rise and narrow when there is a price decrease. A forward spread is the price difference taken at a given interval between the spot value of a security and the forward price of the same security.

But with Uni-Directional Trade Strategies there are many different ways to take advantage of how the stock market moves! These are great for people who are just getting started learning how to trade stocks and help them get over the initial fear that stock trading may carry. The strategies are easy to learn and simple to apply even when you’re in the midst of a market crash! It is one of the most popular and easy-to-understand stock trading strategies for beginners. It teaches 9 bunch of parameters to trade in the market with accuracy and gain strategy.

How Trailing Stop Loss Works


This type of order converts into a market order when the security price reaches the stop price. Deciding how to determine the exit points of your positions depends on how conservative you are as a trader. Shrewd traders always maintain the option of closing out a position at any time by submitting a sell order at the market. A stop-loss order is a tool used by traders and investors to limit losses and reduce risk exposure. By using a stop-loss order, a trader limits his risk in the trade to a set amount in the event that the market moves against him. A Trailing stop loss order creates a market order when the trailing stop loss level is reached.


It can be done manually by regularly dragging the stop loss order to the level of a chosen moving average indicator. But there are scripts that automatically trail the price based on the chosen moving average. Trailing stops are used to protect profits, so they are also known as protective stops. I’m a newbie and with my paper trades I’ve just been setting up regular stop losses.

Scenario 1: Price goes down

All you need to do is to your chosen percentage, say 10%. But if the trader was using a trailing stop, say trailing at $3 away from the current price, the trailing stop would have been at $81.3 when the price reversed. So he would have locked-in $6.3 profit, rather than ending up with a loss. When you use this type of trailing stop, the stop loss starts trailing as soon as the trade moves in a positive direction. So each individual market and even each currency pair or stock might need to use a different retracement setting. The final method that I want to share with you in this tutorial is to exit a trade after price has retraced by a certain percentage of the high or low of the move.

  • The average true range is a very important indicator that is used to measures volatility in the market.
  • Another complaint about trailing stop loss order is that they don’t protect you from the major market moves which are greater than your stop position.
  • The stop-loss order then turns into a limit order when the stock hits your stop.
  • As each new candle closes, the 3rd candle also moves forward and you move your stop loss accordingly.
  • A stop-loss order exits you out of your position if your stock hits your set stop price.

If the price were to fall to $19.70, the stop loss would fall to $19.80. If the price were to rise to $19.80 or higher, your order will be converted to a market order, and you would exit the trade with a gain of about 20 cents per share. This type of order is meant to lock in profits while protecting you from significant losses. A trailing stop loss can also be placed on short equity positions and options. Stop orders are executed based upon actual transactions, rather than the bid and offer price. Once the stop is triggered with a transaction, the stop becomes a market order.

Now, when your favorite moving average is holding steady at this angle, stay with your initial trailing stop loss. As the moving average changes direction, dropping below 2 p.m., it’s time to tighten your trailing stop spread . When the price increases, it drags the trailing stop along with it.

On the other hand, a trailing stop limit order will send a limit order once the stop price is reached, meaning that the order will be filled only on the current limit level or better. Trailing stop limit orders offer traders more control over their trades but can be risky if the price falls fast. Traders who trade mean reversion strategies usually don’t implement trailing stop losses. The main reason for this is that a mean reversion edge gets better the more a security has gone down. Therefore, it is hard to place a trailing stop that will lock in profits, since it will become so wide that it fails to serve that purpose.

Trailing Stop Loss vs. Trailing Stop Limit

It does not tell you how much of your account you have risked on the trade, though. As a day trader, you should always use a stop-loss order on your trades. Barring slippage, the stop-loss lets you know how much you stand to lose on a given trade. Asktraders is a free website that is supported by our advertising partners. As such we may earn a commision when you make a purchase after following a link from our website.

All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice in reaction to shifting market conditions. Data contained herein from third-party providers is obtained from what are considered reliable sources. However, its accuracy, completeness or reliability cannot be guaranteed. Patterns are just one variable to consider before entering a trade. A lot of them lose because they don’t think they need an education.

As noted, a trailing stop loss can be created in one of two ways. You can either use a fixed price or a relative one based on a percentage. With a trailing stop loss order, say you have a $15 stock. You might establish a trailing stop loss order of 10% instead of a traditional stop loss order at, say, $13.50.

Built-in Trailing Stop on Trading Platforms

The trailing amount, designated in either points or percentages, then follows (or “trails”) a stock’s price as it moves up or down . Many traders calculate their initial position size based on their risk. That’s because you determine how much below the top price you’ll allow it to drop. This is either a set percentage or amount below the top price.

Hawks fall to Wizards in Snyder’s debut – Peachtree Hoops

Hawks fall to Wizards in Snyder’s debut.

Posted: Wed, 01 Mar 2023 13:41:02 GMT [source]

Familiarize yourself with the risks and explore how trailing stop orders can help support your exit strategy. If you’re not already using trailing stop loss, you should start. It will give your account a lot more protection and stability in the event of an unexpected financial downturn or during volatile market conditions. You can also use it to lock in profits when your trade is doing well and increase the percentage of profit if possible without risking too much capital on each trade. You can also choose where to set these orders – at the current price or at the average of recent prices. Trailing stop losses allow traders to set a trailing value at which they want their position to close if the price moves against them too quickly.

Using Trailing Stop Loss For Short Positions

The order will only get when the trend moves against you. You can also use the moving average indicator as a trailing stop, given that it tracks the price of an asset very smoothly. The MA works in much the same way as the ATR indicator, but you cannot have multiple MA, as is the case with the ATR.

  • In other words, the exit order can be triggered without obvious reasons for that.
  • You determine the limit price by specifying how far from the trigger price you’ll allow the sale of your stock to take place.
  • This can be tough for some traders to handle on a psychological level.
  • Can help protect potential profits while providing downside protection.
  • The trailing stop loss freezes below the highest price the asset reached.

What’s more, it may happen when the asset price is lightly dropping but not actually pulling back hard or reversing. In other words, the exit order can be triggered without obvious reasons for that. So, make sure to place the stop level on a distance that the price is not supposed to reach. However, it will depend on the type of trade you are getting in. For instance, if you sell an asset that you have during a long trade, the stop price should be set below the level of the entry point.

But as soon as price starts consolidating or retracing, you are stopped out and you take your profits off the table. You have to be patient and let the support levels develop, or you can move your stop loss too early and get stopped out prematurely. Support and resistance levels can be great ways to trail your stop.

If the goes up to $10.97, the stop value will change and climb to $10.77. In case the asset price falls back to $10.90, the stop value will remain at the same level. But if it keeps on going down and reaches $10.76, your stop level will change while the market order will be triggered instantly. Trailing stop orders can also be used to determine when to execute a buy order or a sell order. Based on the two scenarios discussed, we can set a trailing stop sell order when trading in an open long position.


With a limit order, you’ll sell all or part of your position at your limit price or better, or you won’t sell at all. This protects you from selling into a market that is falling quickly, where your executed price could be much lower than your trigger price. However, the downside is that you may not sell at all, or only sell part of your position, and the price of the stock could move even lower. For example, in Scenario 1, if the price suddenly drops lower than $75.00 before your sell order can be filled, there will be no sale at your limit price.


You need to set a stop point for a trade, even if it’s only written on your trading plan. This is great for both swing traders and part-time traders. It allows you to ride a stock as it uptrends and exit when the uptrend reverses a certain percentage. A major key to limiting your trading losses is planning your trades.

Trade Analyzer Lineup Grader


But the Nerd offers slightly more data to justify their decision. Format plays a role in ‘Best Player’ as well, with TE-premium, QB-premium, or other formats shifting to a certain position in many trades. As a buyer of the Best Player-Asset, generally shoot for less than -15% in consolidation deals, the exception being when an overly strong team and can buy players as a luxury. If one player or asset is clearly better than the rest of the deal , a premium is typical to balance the trade. With a Week 9 bye coming, Sutton’s value will be low. But he’s a starter in about 60 percent of ESPN leagues despite his drought of four weeks under 10 fantasy points.

Here are my favorite in-depth fantasy football trade analyzers for 2023. Dynasty League Football is a fantasy advice site that specializes in providing guidance and help for dynasty leagues . Their analyzer provides an overall value score to the players in the trade, even allowing you to include draft picks in your trade equation.

Trade Analysis

See REAL trades across thousands of Sleeper, MFL, etc. leagues and all kinds of formats. Search for a single player or any combination of players and see up-to-the-minute trades of the player in two clicks. Filter by Superflex, Single QB, TE Premium and PPR vs. ‘Standard’. The calculator is built based off of player rankings and ADP. The calculator includes individual 2020 picks (i.e. 2020 Pick 1, 2020 Pick 2, etc.) and 2021 picks (i.e. 2021 Early 1st, 2021 Mid 1st, 2021 Late 1st, etc.). Our fantasy football Trade Analyzer allows you to quickly choose the players involved in a potential trade.

Again, take note of both team’s starting lineup score. I’d rather try to turn Harris into either a more consistent or explosive piece that I can count on in the playoffs. Even players like Antonio Gibson or Devin Singletary have more upside on a weekly basis because they play in healthier offenses that can sustain their production. You might even get lucky with someone really valuing Harris in a redraft league with keepers and be able to pry someone like Travis Etienne Jr. Just like the stock market, you have to be able to evaluate your players’ trade value and know when his perceived value is higher than his real value. And look at other teams’ players to see which of them are in a slump and have lower perceived trade value than actual value.

The metrics provide a thoughtful perspective on what it might take to make a deal happen. It also shows recent trades that included the principal players. If you need a PPR trade analyzer, it works just fine.

When solely determining the winner and loser of a proposed trade isn’t enough, a fantasy football trade calculator can provide additional context. Trade calculators trade do typically provide more functionality than trade analyzers. We show the projected points AND our projected stats for the players while standard fantasy football trade calculators just show a ‘black box’ projected point total.


People fell in love with Allen in his historical playoff run but forgot that he struggled in the regular season. Now, factor in his UCL injury, and Allen looks broken. His accuracy on short throws was off throughout Week 11 against the Browns. He’s second in the NFL in interceptions this season and leads the NFL over the last two years.

Dynasty Trade Evaluator

It is essentially a fantasy football trade simulator on steroids. FantasyPros’ affordable subscriptions also make this finder accessible to just about anyone. Access start-up player values in the offseason and during the NFL regular season.

Concise, poignant dialogue is the most effective way to a deal. You might be desperate to make a move, but never compound your bad situation by agreeing to a subpar deal. If you’re getting the runaround from a fellow owner, walk away. Be casual and laid back; don’t come off as aggressive. Smart owners will read your body language and they’ll take advantage of you. As soon as they sense they’ve got you by the short hairs, your hope of an advantageous deal goes out the window.


As such, the fastest way to find the latest charts is through a site-specific Google search. The FantasyPros Trade Finder allows you to suggest trade bait from your imported roster. It then lists comparable trade compensation from your opponents’ rosters. Another cool feature of the Dynasty Football Trade Analyzer is that it suggests ways to balance out uneven trades.

Patterson can be a monstrous performer if he’s given the lion’s share of touches in Atlanta’s excellent running game. Detroit’s schedule does get friendlier in the coming weeks, with Jacksonville, Carolina, Chicago, and the New York Jets offering favorable matchups. We’d have Swift right in time for excellent opportunities. Bills quarterback Josh Allen comes off the field after mishandling the snap from center that led to the Vikings go ahead touchdown late in the 4th quarter . They assign a score based on FantasyPros rankings which have a very low bar to be able to contribute to. Suggest a beneficial trade with another owner prior to your negotiation.

Each fantasy football trade analyzer is assigned a trade rating that is updated daily. The side with the larger number has the stronger players. Our dynasty trade analyzer FAQ’s page will answer most of your questions regarding the trade tool.

How to use fantasy basketball trade analyzer

He’s not super efficient or going to be a bell cow, but you can do worse than a player overtaking the receiving and red zone role on this offense. While the Bills earned a tough victory in Week 11, ending their two-game skid, Josh Allen is clearly in a regression season. Atlanta has to play Washington this week, but after the Commanders’ elite run defense, they’re onto much easier opponents.

  • But hopefully those are few and far between, and the disagreement not significant.
  • He has no more than seven carries in his six games since Week 1 and hasn’t eclipsed 20 yards rushing since Week 3.
  • Clicking on the links in this section will search for the latest fantasy football trade charts on each respective site.
  • But if doing it by text or phone, walk away from the phone or computer for a long while and then come back with a response that goads them into blabbing some more.

Here is a quick list of my favorite fantasy football trade tools across several categories. Fantasy Football trade proposals are a work in progress. Very rarely will you agree to a good trade in one sitting.

Best Dynasty Trade Value Charts or Trade Analyzer/Calculator?

By playing your cards close to the vest, you maintain leverage in negotiation. Engage in direct dialogue with an owner and make him believe you’re sharing everything on your mind — which, of course, you’re not. You’re strategically withholding that which is most important to you. The free online tool that rates and grades your trades. Player ratings, aka FSP, are constantly updated and factors in past, future, and expected performance across dozens of categories. Check out the full trade value charts for a complete ranking list.

Dynasty Fantasy Football Trading Post: D’Andre Swift – Dynasty League Football

Dynasty Fantasy Football Trading Post: D’Andre Swift.

Posted: Thu, 09 Mar 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

For more information, see the developer’s privacy policy. These charts are a sensible starting point for any trade negotiation. Trade Analyzer Pro estimate a projected end of season standings and highlights the changes in the table after the trade. Use Age as yet another consideration in connection with your dynasty team’s direction and trade goals.

Once you’ve players to both sides, the trade analyzer will automatically calculate the totals each side is receiving. This fantasy trade analyzer uses our fantasy football projections which are updated twice daily during the season and as needed in the offseason. We project all future games so opponent strength, in-season roster changes, injuries, etc. are reflected. Player values are directly tied to market value and as such can change daily. We believe this agility gives this tool a significant advantage over other similar tools.

dynasty league football

If you’re not familiar with the expression, an “ace in the hole” means an advantage or resource that’s held back until the most opportune moment. What you’re going to do when someone offers you a trade is pick one asset from that trade and treat it like it is gold — even though it is not. ” Or, “No, I value that asset too much.” Or, “No, I think you’re asking for too much with that.” You get the point. Then, while negotiating, you continue to “play up” that asset as if it’s the key to Fort Knox (you have to be believable; don’t be cheesy). All the while, you’re getting closer and closer to a deal.

Meyers caught nine-of-12 targets for 60 yards and a touchdown, cashing in his fourth solid fantasy week of the last five games. We’re rapidly reaching the point where Meyers is a stellar WR2 fantasy option, let alone a matchup-based flex play. The arrival of Week 9 means it’s time to get down to business. There are players with a value that is too low for their opportunity — it would help if you tried to swoop in and add these two players at a reasonable cost. While his 103-yard kick-return touchdown was a nice boost for his scoring, Atlanta hasn’t given the full load of work to Patterson yet. If he continues to get stronger over the coming games, he might prove to be a must-start each week by the time December begins.

Best Forex Broker Philippines 2023: Top PH Forex Brokers List!


Some manual platforms, such as MT4 and MT5, support automated trading functionality. MetaTrader 5 is the next generation of the MetaTrader platform, offering state-of-the-art trading capabilities, even more technical analysis tools, order types, timeframes and graphical objects. It also offers automated trading, with the all-new coding language. Arguably the most popular trading platform, MetaTrader 4 creates a powerful and flexible trading environment.

Spreadex also offers guaranteed stop losses, for added risk management and trailing stops, which move along with your profitable positions. For forex traders, that look at futures levels, you can also work limits with a time limit, so you don’t need to worry about leaving GTC orders open indefinitely. Create a multi-asset infrastructure on a single platform in a couple of days. You no longer need separate terminals with standalone analytics. MetaTrader 5 is the only solution which allows the combining of different markets within a single platform, the gathering of the general statistics, while it also enables full control over any number of funds. Ultimately, such capabilities can assist in earning the trust of potential and existing investors.

What Types of Forex Trading Platforms Are There?

AvaTrade’s reputation as a client-focused broker was enhanced with the launch of the AvaProtect tool, which allows traders to purchase loss protection for a time. Any losses during that time are fully refunded, but any gains are for the traders to keep. As a further benefit, AvaProtect is available on the award-winning AvaTradeGo app. Over the last decade, Forex trading has become more accessible to the average person in the UK. Nationwide access to the internet and an influx of international “offshore” brokers joining the local scene have increased competition. At the same time, the local regulator has introduced stricter requirements for brokers, raising standards of safety and fairness.

We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. Toni is a Fintech Analyst with over 8 years of experience in the financial industry where he worked as a financial control analyst at a regional bank and later conducted independent investment research analysis. As for protection, UK entity accounts are covered up to £85,000, EU clients are covered up to €20,000, and Canadian users up to CAD 1,000,000. On the downside, you won’t be able to invest in real stocks or cryptos. Foreign exchange, precious metals and over-the-counter contracts are leveraged products, which have high risks and may lead to losses of your investment principal.


One-to-one mentoring, dedicated account management, webinars, and 24/5 customer service present XTB traders with a fluid onboarding experience. These are our priorities because traders want to know that their broker is trustworthy and isn’t overcharging them. Brokers are always altering the products they offer, and we keep our reviews updated with the latest data available. BlackBull Markets is a reliable and well-respected trading platform that provides its customers with high-quality access to a wide range of asset groups.

Examples are hypothetical, and we encourage you to seek personalized advice from qualified professionals regarding specific investment issues. Our estimates are based on past market performance, and past performance is not a guarantee of future performance. No, you can’t have direct access to the Forex market without a broker. Still, you can exchange currencies over the counter at any exchange dealer. Reviews for more information about the products and services offered by each broker.

I trade the major Forex pairs, some Futures contracts, and I rely entirely on Technical Analysis to place my trades. I began trading the markets in the early 1990s, at the age of sixteen. I had a few hundred British pounds saved up , with which I was able to open a small account with some help from my Dad. I started my trading journey by buying UK equities that I had read about in the business sections of newspapers.

U.S.-based clients can choose between IG’s well-designed and user-friendly web platform and mobile/tablet apps and the venerable MT4. Both offer advanced tools, as well as a news stream from Reuters and an economic calendar. IG has been around forever, and interestingly, was the first of its kind at the time.

The asset selection consists of 55+ currency pairs and 20,000+ equity CFDs and ETFs, while cryptocurrency traders get eleven highly liquid coins. MAM/PAMM accounts cater to traditional retail account management, VPS hosting to algorithmic traders, and FIX API trading to advanced trading requirements featuring custom solutions. MetaQuotes Software Corp. provides trading software for financial institutions. It offers online trading platforms like FX Charts for forex broker market, MetaQuotes platform for trading CFDs in addition to forex and MetaTrader with the additional feature of trading futures. It features multiple trading platforms- MetaTrader 4 for forex & futures trading; MetaTrader 5 for forex, stocks & other exchange trading instruments; and TeamWox for business process management.

Types of Currency Traders

Since the two platforms use other programming languages, a MetaTrader 4 consumer will need to relearn specific techniques. IG Group was voted the winner in the Best Professional Trading Account category in our 2020 awards, whilst Saxo Markets won Best DMA Broker for those that would like to trade on exchange FX futures. Equally, a quarterly contract may not be your best choice if you are an intraday bettor. Most FX futures are denominated in USD and traded through exchanges like the CME. Alongside the FX majors, we have what are referred to as crosses. Crosses are FX rates that don’t include either the US dollar or the euro.

A forex broker is an individual or an institution who facilitates the buying and selling of foreign currency for you as a trader. We’re an example of a forex broker, as our platform acts as the ‘middleman’ that enables you to speculate on the value of a forex pair without actually having to buy any physical currencies. TMGM is an impressive all-around broker that scored high in all major categories. The Sydney-based ECN broker emphasizes tight spreads and provides optimal conditions for traders to succeed. OctaFX has over ten years of experience providing brokerage services, and the company has grown to have a significant global presence.

Best Forex Brokers in the US – Finance Magnates

Best Forex Brokers in the US.

Posted: Wed, 02 Nov 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Your feedback helps us to improve our and provide you with the best trading experience tailored to your needs. Contracts for Difference (‘CFDs’) are complex financial products that are traded on margin. Trading CFDs carries a high level of risk since leverage can work both to your advantage and disadvantage. As a result, CFDs may not be suitable for all investors because you may lose all your invested capital. Before deciding to trade, you need to ensure that you understand the risks involved and taking into account your investment objectives and level of experience. Based on low costs, trading tools, currency evaluation, and real-time data, we chose the following as the best forex trading platforms.

Summary of the Best UK Forex Brokers

The Best forex trading platform is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K. And the Australian Securities and Investment Commission in Australia, as well as authorities in Japan, Switzerland, and more. They offer a wide range of financial markets to trade, including forex, options, futures, commodities, cryptocurrencies, indices, and bonds. Unfortunately, if you’re in the U.S., you’re limited to forex trading with IG. Forex brokers decide the trading platforms that traders may use. The majority of brokers provide MT4, MT5, or cTrader, while others offer custom platforms best suited for beginners.

ECNs have tight spreads but make money from commissions, which are charged whenever a trade is opened or closed. Headquartered in London and FCA regulated, FxPro is one of the largest brokers in the world and has no dealing desk, which means it never trades against its clients. In recent years, a few fraudulent firms with names and websites similar to FxPro’s have been shut down by the FCA, so UK traders should always make sure they are trading with the correct firm. In addition, AvaTrade offers full support for MT4 and MT5 (including EA’s, indicators, scalping and hedging) and provides free access to the integrated Trading Central dashboard for both platforms.


For instance, If you open an account as a European investor through Plus500CY Ltd, you are protected up to €20,000. Additionally, Plus500 provides negative balance protection for CFD trading on a per-account basis – only to retail clients from the European Union. There is no minimum required amount to open an account at IBKR, but you can only use bank transfers (wire/SEPA) for deposits and withdrawals, which is a significant drawback compared to other brokers.

Best Forex Broker Philippines 2023: Top PH Forex Brokers List!

Connecting traders to the Forex market is an expensive and technically complex business. Most Forex brokers form a bridge between the global Forex market and Forex traders; these are called market makers. Market makers buy up large trading positions from the Forex market, which they sell to traders in smaller trade sizes.

  • Interactive Brokers offer one of the best solutions for trading on exchange forex futures as they are one of the cheapest and biggest brokers globally.
  • When it comes to personal financial services, there are some benefits to trading on the forex market versus the stock market.
  • Clients are assigned a dedicated account manager which makes a big difference in terms of a personalized experience.

And if you are considering automating your trading strategy or already have, MetaTrader 5 would provide you better order execution and stability. Long before the MetaTrader 4 arrived to dominate the Forex trading platforms market, NinjaTrader was the industry leader. During major economic news releases, prices can move drastically.

Plus500AU Pty Ltd holds all client money in a segregated trust account, and offers users the option of a demo account for trial purposes. Investopedia is dedicated to providing traders and investors with unbiased, comprehensive reviews and ratings of online brokers. We established a rating scale based on our criteria, collecting thousands of data points that we weighed into our star scoring system. Support for Trading Strategy Automation – Some trading platforms allow traders to program their trading strategies into the platform for automatic execution of transactions. Also, most automated trading software programs tend to work best if they are run on a virtual private server or VPS.

Technical platforms or Web platforms often lack mobile versions. The aggregator does not have tools to control the accounts included in the rating. The responsibility for the subscription lies entirely with the investor. A relatively small number of Forex brokers supporting this platform. The full functionality of the platform in trial mode is available only for the first 14 days after registration with the preservation of a week’s history.

With these positive attributes along with its apparent focus on functional simplicity, LCG is well-suited to beginning traders. Although you don’t have to be a beginner to benefit from its offerings, LCG is hard to beat if you are just starting out. No, not all of them will offer this, though this is highly recommended as a feature, especially for beginner forex traders.

It is suitable for beginners and advanced traders and offers automated trading through the use of Expert Advisors and a selection of order types. Scroll down to see our short definitions of some of these terms. With Saxo, you can invest in leveraged trading products such as forex, CFDs, futures, commodities and options, or cash investment products such as UK and overseas stocks and shares, bonds, and ETFs. does not charge any commission on depositing or withdrawing funds.

Top Forex Brokers in Australia – Finance Magnates

Top Forex Brokers in Australia.

Posted: Thu, 05 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

Forex trading is cheap with Pepperstone because they focus on FX as a core market rather than offering lots of stocks and less popular assets. As such, Pepperstone are able to offer some of the tightest forex spreads and commission for major FX pairs. You can also trade minor and exotic FX crosses as a spread bet or trade CFD. Liquidity, pricing, and execution time on Pepperstone’s platform are good, given its access to multiple Tier 1 banks.

Best Forex Broker In USA 2023: Top 7 Picks & Reviews – Biz Report

Best Forex Broker In USA 2023: Top 7 Picks & Reviews.

Posted: Thu, 30 Mar 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

A reliable platform will offer you quick access to technical and fundamental analysis, an excellent security system, automated trading, visual features like graphs and charts and should always be user friendly. Pepperstone is the best ECN broker in the UK for its low trading costs, no required minimum deposit, and wide range of popular trading platforms. Pepperstone is an ECN broker; ECN brokers don’t trade against their clients, and all trades go straight to the Forex and CFD market. Trading costs and minimum deposits can be quite high at other ECN brokers but not at Pepperstone. For beginners, Pepperstone’s also has one of the better education sections offered by an ECN broker.

Being regulated in Cyprus also means that a broker can show that they are regulated in the UK and show up on theFCA register. So if you check the FCA website to make sure a broker is legit, they will show up. But, if they are not fully authorised and regulated by the FCA then client funds are not protected under the FSCS. The FSCS basically protects a certain amount of clients funds should a broker go into administration, see their website for more informationhere. If your broker is only based offshore you’ll have little hope of getting any money back. If you need trading ideas, in the standard FX watchlist you can also see emerging, bullist and bearish forex trading signals.

call spreads explained: Bull Call Spread Explained The Ultimate Guide w Visuals

bull call spreads

They are betting that the call spreads explained will continue to fall after placing the order and hope to buy the higher strike long call cheaper later. The maximum loss occurs when the price of the underlying moves above the strike price of long Call. In the final example, we’ll examine a long call spread example that ends up with its maximum profit potential. In this example, we’ll look at a situation where a trader buys an out-of-the-money long call spread. An out-of-the-money long call spread is constructed by purchasing an out-of-the-money call while also selling an out-of-the-money call at a higher strike price.


Buy a call option for a strike price above the current market with a specific expiration date and pay the premium. In the final example, we’ll examine an out-of-the-money short call spread position on a stock that ends up rallying significantly. It is not as easy as it seems because apart from the movement of the stock, it is also a vega play. Note that I am discussing here the diagonal call spread only as an example. Diagonal Put Spreads are same except you sell a near month put and buy a far month put for protection of different strike. The only way we can book the full profit on the trade is if we hold to expiration.

Bull Call Spread Option Strategy (Explained With Excel Template)

You get two conservative non-directional strategies on options, one conservative stock option strategy and two conservative directional strategies on Future & Option combination. Before reading please understand that for all 5 strategies, strike selection will be taught. Strike selection while trading Options is the most essential part to succeed. Profit comes but you will never know when to take it as greed will take over and you will feel more profits may come.

  • Note, however, that whichever method is chosen, the date of the stock purchase will be one day later than the date of the stock sale.
  • Call spreads are also more cost-effective than simply taking either a long or short options position.
  • However, if the underlying stock price falls below the long call option, a profit will still be realized.
  • If the share price moves above the strike price the holder may decide to purchase shares at that price but are under no obligation to do so.
  • In this case, the call spread will offer you protection against a small move up.
  • A Call Credit Spread is put on by selling an out of the money call option to open and at the same time buying a further out of the money call option to open at the same time.

The main advantage of a bear call spread is that the net risk of the trade is reduced. Purchasing the call option with the higher strike price helps offset the risk of selling the call option with the lower strike price. Selling a stock short theoretically has unlimited risk if the stock moves higher.

Hedging a Call Ratio Spread

At 7500, both the Call options would have an intrinsic value and hence they both would expire in the money. If only the Call Option was purchased, the premium paid would have been Rs 170. Plz tell me if there is any free tool available to calculate pay off and profit/loss or other things for option trading. Here are a bunch of graphs that will help you identify the best possible strikes based on time to expiry. Would you consider a 5% move on Infosys as moderately bullish move, or should it be 10% and above?

Using this strategy, an investor sells a call option while simultaneously purchasing a separate call option with the same underlying asset and expiration date but at a higher strike price. Hence, one makes a net profit by receiving a higher option premium on the call sold than the amount paid towards the call purchased. A trader profits maximally from a bull call spread when the underlying’s price rises above the higher strike price.

This leads you to think that the stock can go up, but with a limited upside. Therefore, I wouldn’t necessarily recommend trading horizontal or diagonal spreads if you aren’t entirely familiar with them. You simply sell near term calls to ride out the long term call for a discount.

maximum profit

Because of this, the short call spread position is partially profitable. Additionally, the trader will be assigned -100 shares of stock for $310 per share if the short call is held through expiration. You sell a call option with a strike price of $105 on XYZ which is trading at $100.

It is worth keeping in mind that your calls will expire eventually, and that is the primary goal of the strategy. When you select a product by clicking a link, we may be compensated from the company who services that product. Revenues we receive finance our own business to allow us better serve you in reviewing and maintaining financial product comparisons and reviews. We don’t receive compensation on all products but our research team is paid from our revenues to allow them provide you the up-to-date research content. Investments in securities market are subject to market risk, read all the related documents carefully before investing. It allows you to profit in a flat market scenario when you’re expecting the underlying to mildly drop, be range bound or marginally rise.

Since this strategy is used by options traders to generate premiums with a bearish view of a performance of the asset, it is popularly called ‘bear call spread’. However, when one initiates a bear call spread strategy, they receive their premium upfront. Hence, it is also known as ‘short call spread’ or ‘credit call spread’. The maximum risk is equal to the cost of the spread including commissions.

Bear Call Spread Profit/Loss Potential at Expiration

Now that we understand the nitty gritties of Bear call Spread, let’s learn more about bear put spread in the next chapter. Reading through this very comprehensive article on Option Spreads in Trading was so interesting. For someone new to this world of Trading it would need to be gone through a few times to fully understand all the terminology and nuances of trading. It is really complex for an ordinary person not versed in doing anything like this previously. So in conclusion, options spreads can be thought of as Lego bricks.

  • When you think the price of the underlying will go up before the call option expires, use a bull call vertical spread.
  • If you trade options actively, it is wise to look for a low commissions broker.
  • In this case, we would look to buy the spread back for between $.17-$.35.
  • You will enter a Sell to Open order to place the short call at the lower strike price and a Buy to Open order to place the long call at a higher strike price.
  • Ideally, the underlying stock experiences minimal movement, and theta will exponentially lose value as the strategy approaches expiration.

My aim is to make you a better & disciplined trader with the education you get from this website. Please note that I DO NOT give tips or advisory services by SMS, email, or whatsapp or any other form of social media. My aim is only to offer education on finance and investments on stock markets the correct way through this website. I just want to help them by spreading knowledge through this website.

7400 CE would expire worthless, hence the entire premium of Rs.38 would be written of as a loss. And you have a moderately bearish outlook going forward, then it makes sense to invoke a Bear Call Spread for a net credit as opposed to invoking a Bear Put Spread for a net debit. Personally I do prefer strategies which offer net credit rather than strategies which offer net debit. Generally speaking in a bull call spread there is always a ‘net debit’, hence the bull call spread is also called referred to as a ‘debit bull spread’. An options spread always consists of the same number of purchased as sold options (e.g. ten short and ten long). A second important thing to remember is an option spread has the same number of long as short options.

maximum loss

Even though the options involved in an options spread only differ in regards to 1-2 aspects, it is still possible to create a wide variety of different options spreads. An options spread always consists of the same number of purchased as sold options (e.g. 5 short and 5 long). As you can see, the just-described options only differ in regards to strike price and opening transaction . Call ratio spreads work best when price trades in a defined range. When you do this, the trade will be profitable as long as the stock doesn’t rise up beyond the price of the short strike. In this scenario, we lost total Rs 300 which is also the maximum loss in this strategy.

A diagonal spread is a strategy that consists of the same number of long as short options that have different strike prices and different expiration dates. The call ratio spread payoff diagram illustrates the strategy’s different outcomes based on the underlying stock price. Ideally, the stock price closes at the short strike options at expiration. When a call ratio spread is entered, there is potential for either paying a debit or receiving a credit. This strategy employs the principle of ‘time decay’ which is the decline in the value of an option across time. This is a crucial principle to incorporate in options strategy.

You will have a high probability of success on the trade and the position will be much more forgiving. You don’t need to be perfect on your market direction to make money. The author is not offering any professional advice of any kind. The reader should consult a professional financial advisor to determine their suitability for any strategies discussed herein. Maximum profit is equal to the difference between the higher strike and the lower strike minus the net cost incurred . We have built the net debit strategy and paid $151 upfront to enter into the trade.

Please share this page

We are excited to hear from you and want you to love your time at Investormint. Please keep our family friendly website squeaky clean so all our readers can enjoy their experiences here by adhering to our posting guidelines. Never reveal any personal or private information, especially relating to financial matters, bank, brokerage, and credit card accounts and so forth as well as personal or cell phone numbers. Please note that comments below are not monitored by representatives of financial institutions affiliated with the reviewed products unless otherwise explicitly stated.

“I will not be silenced”: Sexual assault survivor speaks out – The Nome Nugget

“I will not be silenced”: Sexual assault survivor speaks out.

Posted: Sat, 04 Mar 2023 03:28:04 GMT [source]

Bull call spreads have limited profit potential, but they cost less than buying only the lower strike call. Since most stock price changes are “small,” bull call spreads, in theory, have a greater chance of making a larger percentage profit than buying only the lower strike call. In practice, however, choosing a bull call spread instead of buying only the lower strike call is a subjective decision. Bull call spreads benefit from two factors, a rising stock price and time decay of the short option. A bull call spread is the strategy of choice when the forecast is for a gradual price rise to the strike price of the short call.

To demonstrate to you how short call spreads perform over time, let’s look at some historical trade examples so you can see how the strategy performs in different scenarios. Maximum risk is limited by the difference in cost of buy position of calls and sell position of calls, which is net premium. While we could hold to expiration hoping to keep the full $.70 or $70 profit per spread, we don’t like the risking of holding all the way to expiration. We prefer to close the trade out early when we can keep between 50-75% of what we collected to open the trade. In this case, we would look to buy the spread back for between $.17-$.35.

Unlike the call strategy which have unlimited profit potential, the maximum profit generated by call spreads are limited but they are also, however, comparatively cheaper to implement. Additionally, unlike the outright purchase of call options which can only be employed by bullish investors, call spreads can be constructed to profit from a bull, bear or neutral market. The decision to exit a call calendar spread will depend on the underlying asset’s price at the expiration of the short call contract. If the stock price is below the short call, the option will expire worthless.

He purchases an in-the-money call option for a premium of $10. The strike price for the option is $145 and expires in January 2020. Additionally, Jorge sells an out-of-the-money call option for a premium of $2.

metlife inc common demutualization: What happens when a life insurance company demutualized?

stock exchange

metlife inc common demutualization that demutualize convert from member to inventory ownership and can select a wide range of options to do so. As a shareholder in the demutualized company, you may now be entitled to share in the company’s profits via stock dividends, and benefit from its growth in the form of an appreciated share price. Your shares may be sold at any time, without affecting policy benefits. Each companies plan of conversion defines which policyholders are entitled to receive compensation, and there are differences among them. Eligible policyholders generally include those whose policies are paid-up and in force on or before the date of demutualization, and their heirs. MetLife challenges Plaintiffs’ claims related to actuarial contributions and the projected IPO price of MetLife stock.


Insurance – Cleary Gottlieb


Posted: Tue, 06 Oct 2020 20:56:09 GMT [source]

Shares that were allocated to eligible policyholders as a result of the demutualization are held in the MetLife Policyholder Trust (the “Trust”) in book entry form. These shares are held electronically with Computershare as custodian of the Trust. Metlife, Inc. was created via demutualization on April 5, 2000. At that time, policyholders could receive cash in lieu of stock at $14.25 a share.

What is MetLife Inc demutualization PA?

Farmers Insurance Group completed it’s purchase of MetLife’s auto and home books of business on April 8, 2021. Farmers acquired MetLife policies as is, with no immediate intentions on changing the policy terms of existing MetLife customers to match those of current Farmers policies. Demutualization has its advantages and disadvantages for policyholders. However, if eligible, policyholders will receive financial benefits from the process. Additionally, policyholders are at the mercy of the mutual board. That means the board dictates how much of the profits should be paid to the policyholders and how much should be kept in reserve.

The Trust Interests represent undivided fractional interests in the Trust Shares and other assets of the Trust beneficially owned by a Trust Beneficiary through the Custodian. On April 7, 2000, the date of demutualization of Metropolitan Life, MetLife Inc. distributed to the Trust 494,466,664 shares of Common Stock for the benefit of policyholders of Metropolitan Life. Beneficiaries may withdraw all, but generally not less than all, of their allocated shares of Common Stock from the Trust at any time by providing written notice to the Custodian. On April 7, 2000, Metropolitan Life made the conversion from a mutual life insurance company to a stock life insurance company. Over eleven million policyholders became eligible to receive trust interests representing shares of common stock held in the Metropolitan Life Policyholder Trust, cash, or an adjustment to their policy values in the form of policy credits.

9 Places to Find Free Money – Kiplinger’s Personal Finance

9 Places to Find Free Money.

Posted: Tue, 23 Jun 2020 10:18:47 GMT [source]

The Stockholm Stock Exchange was the first exchange to demutualize in 1993, followed by Helsinki , Copenhagen , Amsterdam , the Australian Exchange and Toronto, Hong Kong and London Stock Exchanges in 2000. The Chicago Mercantile Exchange became a shareholder-owned public corporation in 2000 through a public offering. There are three general methods in which an organization might demutualize, full demutualization, sponsored demutualization, and into a mutual holding company . In any type of demutualization, insurance policies, outstanding loans, etc., are not directly affected by the organization’s change of legal form. Commencing August 15, 2000 at an annual rate of 8.00% of the stated liquidation amount of $50.00 per capital security.

Irish grocer-owned retailers’ cooperative, ADM Londis, changed its capital structure in 2004 to an unlisted public limited company, allowing its owners to trade its stock privately at market value. SIX Group, a global financial service provider based in Switzerland, represents an extra ordinary form of a mutualised organisation. The owners are limited to an exclusive group of service consumers, in particular Swiss and foreign banks. This entails a closer relationship with the customer, since a customer might influence the customer-oriented behavior by the magnitude of its own equity holding of SIX Group – in this category the subsidiary SIX Swiss Exchange AG. Metropolitan Life and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) is a leading provider of insurance and financial services to a broad section of institutional and individual customers.

e. Alleged failure to disclose distribution of fixed component to all policyholders

The monetary services sector is very competitive, and even the strongest of corporations must adapt to changing circumstances if they’re going to thrive. The question of whether MetLife had other reasons than the disclosed reason for not pursuing a Method 2 demutualization is more nebulous. The reason stated in the PIB is somewhat vague, and Plaintiffs’ allegations of the “real” reasons for not pursuing Method 2 are not well substantiated by the factual record. MetLife provides convincing evidence that Method 2 would not have worked and would have been untenable for a variety of reasons. However, the undisputed evidence could possibly lead a reasonable person to question the weight given to the analysis by the Chief Actuary, and raises the question of the materiality of the omission of further information related to Method 2. Under the reasonable person standard which this Court must apply, we cannot say that minds could not differ on the materiality of omitted information with regard to the choice of demutualization method.

By 1930, MetLife insured one of five men, women, and children in the United States and Canada. During the 1930s, it also began to diversify its portfolio by reducing the percentage of individual mortgages in favor of public utility bonds, investments in government securities, and loans for commercial real estate. The company financed the Empire State Building’s construction in 1929 as well as provided capital for Rockefeller Center’s construction in 1931. During World War II, MetLife placed more than 51 percent of its total assets in war bonds and was the largest single private contributor to the Allied cause. As in many large, public corporations, MetLife has a compensation committee which establishes compensation levels for the company’s senior executives; MetLife compensation emphasizes “variable performance-based compensation over fixed or guaranteed pay”.

The difference is that the mutuality is essentially bought by a stock corporation. Instead of receiving stock in the formerly mutual company, stock in the new parent company is granted instead. In June 1999, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 137, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities–Deferral of the Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 133 (“SFAS 137”).

Def.’s Statement of Material Fact ถ 152; Ex. Plaintiffs dispute the accuracy and the completeness of the above quoted statements as alleged in their complaint. Pl.’s Response ถ 152; Plaintiffs Second Amended Complaint, Dkt. MetLife assert that Plaintiffs do not allege that the dispute is material or and do not cite evidence supporting their contentions.


Pursuant to the demutualization plan, life insurance policyholders maintained their existing insurance policies, and kept their existing benefits, cash values and dividend eligibility. Policyholders received all of the stock from the initial public offering, or in a small number of instances, cash or policy credit. As part of the demutualization, policyholders gave up their membership interests in the mutual corporation, which included the right to vote on matters submitted to them and the right to receive a portion of the surplus in the event that MetLife was liquidated. The Court has already determined that the allocation of stock in this matter constitutes a purchase or sale under the federal securities laws. In the most well-liked, a full demutualization, the company unbundles policyholders’ fairness and possession, giving them both cash, inventory or policy credit.

MetLife Demutualization Litigation

It redistributes some profits to its members. By contrast, a company raises capital from its shareholders and other financial sources in order to provide services to its customers, with profits or assets distributed to equity or debt investors. In a mutual organization, therefore, the legal roles of customer and owner are united in one form (“members”), whereas in the joint stock company the roles are distinct. This allows a broader capital base if the customers cannot or will not provide sufficient financing to the organization. However, a joint stock company must also try to maximize the return for its owners instead of only maximizing the return and customer services to its customers.


This study is still the largest available pool of data for this purpose. It was noticed that the average weights in the population are higher than the ideal weights for survival. The ‘’’Metropolitan Tables’’’ included ‘’small’’, ‘’medium’’ and ‘’large’’ frames, based on elbow-girth measured using calipers, as the elbows do not develop adipose tissue. They presented weight ranges for height, sex and body frame The midpoint of the ideal weight for the medium frames for each height was selected as the “ideal” weight used for calculations of “excess weight” . This led to a formula to calculate the ideal weight used by bariatric surgeons, but it had lost considerable accuracy by 2007, again due to improvements in medical care and in public health.

What is the cost basis for Prudential stock?

The cheque is against the financial benefits from demutualization of Economical Mutual Insurance Company. So, it is not a scam as only the eligible policyholders received the cheque. Manufacturers Life Insurance Company – Manulife – On September 24, 1999, Toronto, Canada-based Manufacturers Life Insurance Company’s demutualized and became Manulife Financial. Only 35% of the company’s 671,000 eligible policyholders worldwide voted. If you elected to receive cash instead of stock in the tax-free reorganization, you are deemed to have received the shares of stock and then to have sold them back to the corporation (i.e., redeemed your shares). This may result in capital gain reportable on Form 1040, Schedule D , Capital Gains and Losses, and on Form 8949 , Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets.

  • The consensus among Wall Street equities research analysts is that investors should “hold” Brighthouse Financial stock.
  • These debentures are unsecured and rank equally in right of payment to all other senior unsecured debt of MetLife, Inc.
  • No changes are planned at this time, but if a reinvestment program is instituted, all eligible shareholders will be notified of the option.
  • By 2000, MetLife’s reported number of policyholders had risen to 11 million, and that year it had become the United States’ number one life insurer, surpassing Prudential, according to The New York Times.
  • Shares may be sold at any time, without affecting policy benefits.

Yet there was no sign of concern among MetLife policyholders. If you are registered for our Electronic Funds Transfer payment program, you will generally receive the funds in your account within 1-3 business days. If you request a check, you will generally receive it within 3-5 business days. My mom has a very small amount that will likely just sit until last thing ever sold, or inherited by us kids which resets the cost basis to the day we inherit for us and solves the problem. As far as the brokerages are concerned, they’re non-covered shares which means they didn’t track the cost-basis.

It looks like they could have been sold free at ComputerShare. The firm had requested approval for a US$2,000,000,000 share repurchase to prop up the inventory worth, along with an elevated dividend. Because MetLife owned MetLife Bank, it was subject to stricter monetary regulation.

  • Demutualization is when a mutual insurance company becomes a publicly traded company that shares joint stocks.
  • It is recommended that you mail the certificate using Registered Mail to the address listed below.
  • For many policyholders, the windfall arising from demutualization can be substantial, but millions of missing policyholders and heirs aren’t aware they are entitled to receive compensation.

Def.’s Statement of Material Fact ถ 144; Hynes Decl. Giannattasio has received $682.60 in cash dividends on the MetLife, Inc. common stock held in the Trust on his behalf. Def.’s Statement of Material Fact ถ 145; Hynes Decl. The price of MetLife, Inc. common stock on the New York Stock Exchange, as of the close of the market on April 3, 2008, was $62.01.

According to the OECD, MetLife Foundation’s financing for 2019 development increased by 20% to US$14 million. Opened joint-venture insurance company in Shanghai, in May 2006. The company’s head offices and boardroom are located at the MetLife Building at 200 Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan and New York City which MetLife owned from 1981 to 2005; despite the sale, MetLife increased its leased footprint in the building beginning in 2015. Public offering, the price of an Equitable common share increased 123%. The UK motorists’ organization, The Automobile Association, demutualized and was purchased by Centrica plc in 1999. The sale was completed in July 2000 for £1.1 billion.

Eligible policyholders will be compensated in the form of cash, newly issued shares of common stock, or policy credits in exchange for their membership interests. Demutualization is a process by which a private, member-owned company, such as a co-op, or a mutual life insurance company, legally changes its structure, in order to become a public-traded company owned by shareholders. Demutualization is a course of by which a private, member-owned firm, similar to a co-op, or a mutual life insurance coverage firm, legally adjustments its construction, to be able to turn into a public-traded company owned by shareholders.


Recent price changes and earnings estimate revisions indicate this would not be a good stock for momentum investors with a Momentum Score of F. If your shares are held on the UK Register, you can log onto Equiniti Shareview where you will be able to check your details, including your shareholding, dividend payments and various transactions. The service is secure, free and easy to use. On the other hand, metlife website says under FAQ to put the cost basis as zero, but maybe they just don’t want to get sued lol!